23 July 2012by Orxan Hesenov, JTW
July 23, 1993 is the date of the Armenian occupation of Azerbaijani territory Agdam, which is located in Nagorno-Karabakh. Despite strong demands by the international community, the Armenian side still has not implemented its obligation to return the occupied territories, including Agdam.
Nineteen years have passed since the invasion of Agdam, which severely damaged Azerbaijan. As a consequence of the occupation, the material damage was estimated to be about $6.179 billion, including up to 6000 residents killed, 160 school buildings, 65 health centers, 373 cultural centers, 1 theater and 2 mosques destroyed by Armenian aggressors. IDPs of Agdam currently live in various regions of Azerbaijan and their annual growth rate is ten percent.
The territorial dispute between Azerbaijan and Armenia began in 1988 after Armenia claimed Nagorno-Karabakh of Azerbaijan. Between 1991 and1994, Armenia occupied Shusha, Khojali and seven districts surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh. Since the ceasefire was signed in 1994, the efforts toward a peaceful solution of the Nagorno-Karabakh issue have been conducted within the framework of OSCE Minsk group.